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[1]任 翔.从考成法看张居正改革失败原因[J].内江师范学院学报(社会科学),2014,9:101-104.
 REN Xiang.On Causes for Failure of ZHANG Ju-zheng's Reform from a Perspective of His Inspection System[J].,2014,9:101-104.
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从考成法看张居正改革失败原因(PDF)

《内江师范学院学报(社会科学)》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

期数:
2014年第9期
页码:
101-104
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-09-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Causes for Failure of ZHANG Ju-zheng's Reform from a Perspective of His Inspection System
文章编号:
1671-1785(2014)09-0101-04
作者:
任 翔
安徽大学 历史系, 安徽 合肥 230039
Author(s):
REN Xiang
History Department, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui, 230039, China
关键词:
考成法 张居正改革 失败原因
Keywords:
inspection system ZHANG Ju-zheng's reform causes for failure
分类号:
K24
DOI:
10.13603/j.cnki.51-1621/z.2014.09.023
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
考成法,是张居正在改革中主要的政治措施,也是其推动变革的权力来源。张居正以此为依据,在明王朝内部推行了一系列改革。但是考成法在万历朝未能继续实施,张所推行的改革也因失去这一动力而停止。张居正通过考成法将纠举六科的权力握在以自己为首的内阁手中,触碰到了万历帝的利益,考成法在张死后失去了万历的支持。张居正因考成法将大权揽在手上,使得从中央到地方的官僚体系始终对考成法加以抵制,同时其施行时间太短,未能成为明朝政治规则中的循例。张居正中年赫然病逝,之后的继任者不但无意继续推行考成法,反而成为它的掘墓人。
Abstract:
The inspection system was both the political measure of ZHANG Ju-zheng's reform and the power resource giving impetus to it. He conducted a series of reform in Ming Dynasty. However, such system could not be implemented in the period of Emperor Wangli, so his reform had to stop due to lack of such impetus. Through the system, ZHANG concentrated the power of inspecting the six ministries into the cabinet with him as the head. This touched the interest of the emperor. Therefore, after his death, the system lost the support from the emperor. Due to the fact of the power concentration, the bureaucrat system from central to local resisted it in one way or another. Meanwhile, it failed to be the political conventionality in Ming Dynasty due to the short time of its implementation. After ZHANG's death in his middle age, his successors were unwilling to keep this system. Instead, they became his gravediggers.

参考文献/References

[1] 张廷玉,等. 明史:第十九册:卷二百一十三 [M]. 北京:中华书局,1974. [2] 张廷玉,等. 明史:第六册:卷七十二 [M]. 北京:中华书局,1974:1729. [3] 陈登原. 国史旧闻:第三分册:卷四十五?明罢丞相 [M]. 北京:中华书局,1980:100. [4] 龚虹波. “制度中人”与制度的较量——也说张居正改革悲剧 [J]. 浙江学刊,2002(6). [5] 张居正. 张太岳集:卷三十八:请稽查章奏随事考成以修实政疏 [M]. 上海:上海古籍出版社,1984. [6] 李东阳,等. 大明会典:第五册:卷二百一十三:六科 [M]. 申时行,等重修. 扬州:广陵书社,2007:2839. [7] 谭天星. 内阁权力与明代政治 [J]. 明史研究第二辑,1992:104. [8] 中央研究院历史语言研究所. 明神宗实录:卷三十五 [M]. 上海:上海书店,1984. [9] 张廷玉,等. 明史:第二十册:卷二百二十九 [M]. 北京:中华书局,1974. [10] 张居正. 张太岳集:卷三十六:陈六事疏 [M]. 上海:上海古籍出版社,1984:457. [11] 张居正. 张太岳集:卷四十:请择有司蠲逋赋以安民生疏 [M]. 上海:上海古籍出版社,1984:506. [12] 夏燮. 明通鉴:下册:卷六十八 [M]. 王日根,李一平,李珽,李秉乾,等点校. 长沙:岳麓书社,1999:1925. [13] 谈迁. 国榷:第五册:卷七十一:神宗万历十年 [M]. 张宗祥,校点. 北京:中华书局,1958. [14] 张廷玉,等. 明史:第十九册:卷二百一十九 [M]. 北京:中华书局,1974:5770. [15] 张廷玉,等. 明史:第十九册:卷二百一十八 [M]. 北京:中华书局,1974:5749.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01